A meteorological station, which is also known as a weather station, happens to be a location where we gather information for monitoring the weather conditions. It is possible for this facility to be on the land or at sea, and it is used for measuring the climatic and weather conditions out there.
This facility helps us to typical measurements for calculating wind speed, precipitation, humidity and temperature, wind direction, plus barometric pressure. The observation is shielded from direct sunlight while measuring temperature plus humidity, The instruments are going to bear the full force of the wind while measuring for getting the readings.
The weather will be observed manually both automatically and automatically, probably every single hour, and manual observations will be performed once every day. Ships plus buoys are going to be used for measuring information out at the sea. They will be usually measuring the sea temperatures, wave height, and so forth.
A meteorological station will be using these instruments for measuring their data.
Rain gauge: It will be used for measuring liquid precipitation over a specific time frame.
Hygrometer: This tool will be employed for calculating the humidity.
Anemometer: This device helps to measure wind speed.
Barometer: This is used to compute the atmospheric pressure.
Thermometer: The land plus sea temperature will be measured with the help of this instrument.
A more compact version of the meteorological station might be set up at the airport for monitoring things such as the following:
Ceiling projector: This is used for measuring the cloud ceiling
Disdrometer: This apparatus helps to measure the drop size distribution
Transmissometer: It is used for checking the visibility
At present professional or advanced meteorological stations are also making use of the identical instruments as mentioned above; however, it might also incorporate additional instruments including snow gauge, solar radiation sensors, soil temperature sensor, leaf wetness sensors, ultraviolet light sensors, and so forth. They might also be using another instrument for measuring evapotranspiration which is beneficial for the agricultural industry right now.
It is possible to set up meteorological stations in a couple of ways, either wired or wireless. Both of them have got their own advantages and downsides, and therefore, it is important to perform your homework at first before purchasing one.
Besides the anemometer and the rain gauge, the rest of the instruments should be enclosed within a Stevenson Screen, which happens to be a sort of vented box. This is done to prevent the wind and the direct sunlight from affecting the instruments.
It is not possible for you to have your own meteorological station provided you have an interest in the weather forecast. There are a variety of products on the market right now, and therefore, you will never run out of choice.
All the information can be connected to your laptop or home PC, and you can also collect and send information to different groups or organizations by means of the Internet. Cb radio happens to be yet another source of transmitting information to fellow meteorologists out there.
At present, it will find major weather stations across the globe. They have their own networks which will help to keep track of weather fronts and pressure systems accurately. This will help you to find and read all the various networks throughout the world.